Archive for January, 1978

SAAB 99 EMS FOR 1978: A True Sports Sedan with Performance, Handling — And Extra Versatility

Posted on 01. Jan, 1978 by .

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99 ems 600 SAAB 99 EMS FOR 1978: A True Sports Sedan with Performance, Handling    And Extra Versatility

saab scania letterhead 1970s 600 SAAB 99 EMS FOR 1978: A True Sports Sedan with Performance, Handling    And Extra Versatility

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SAAB 99 EMS FOR 1978: A True Sports Sedan with Performance, Handling — And Extra Versatility

ORANGE, CONNECTICUT — The Saab 99 EM5 has been hailed by 1he world’s automotive press as a true sports sedan, a car combining handling and performance, with excellent seating comfort and lots of passenger room. For 1978 the saab 99 EMS also of furs an extra bonus in load carrying, thanks to its new three-door configuration.

The fastback styling allows for a large rear hatch, incorporating the rear window, that opens up to allow very large loads – up to six feet in length. Special performance features on 1he 1978 saab EMS include a sporty, stif fer suspension, Bilstein gas-filled shock absorbers, tight steering, wide Pirelli CN 36 tires and the front air dam.

Other EMS specials are the aluminum alloy wheels, a new sports steering wheel with impact absorbing center padding, tachometer with built-in clock, and impact absorbing inner door panels.

Powering the 1978 Saab EMS is a fuel-injected two-liter overhead cam engine developing 115 hp (SAE net). For West Coast and Rocky Mountain states that engine is equipped with the Lambda Guard emissions system with three-way catalyst, and in that version develops 110 hp (SAE net).

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POWER AND WEIGHT UP FRONT FOR TRACTION, HANDLING – LOTS OF SPACE IN REAR

Posted on 01. Jan, 1978 by .

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99 weight 600 POWER AND WEIGHT UP FRONT FOR TRACTION,  HANDLING   LOTS OF SPACE IN REAR

saab scania letterhead 1970s 600 POWER AND WEIGHT UP FRONT FOR TRACTION,  HANDLING   LOTS OF SPACE IN REAR

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POWER AND WEIGHT UP FRONT FOR TRACTION, HANDLING – LOTS OF SPACE IN REAR

ORANGE, CONNECTICUT — The entire power train, engine, transmission and differential, are a1l up front in the Saab, putting the weight where it’s needed: right over 1he front wheels.

Saab’s front-wheel-drive — here illustrated in a ghost view of the 1978 Saab 99 GLE — provides the best in traction and handling. The compact power unit, with 1he transmission placed right under the engine and with the clutch in front, for easy servicing, also allows plenty of room in the back.

For 1978 1he luxury Saab 99 GLE is available as a five-door version, with lots of room for f ive passengers with baggage. For extra large loads 1he rear seat can be folded down to open up a load space al1 of six feet in length. The rear hatch, including the rear window, opens up for easy loading and unloading.

Powering the 1978 Saab is a two-liter overhead camshaft engine with continuous fuel injection. The engine in i1s ”federal” version develops 115 hp (SAE net). For West Coast and Rocky Mountain slates 1he engine is equipped with the Lambda Guard emissions system with three-way catalyst, and in that version develops 110 hp (SAE net).

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TOP OF THE LINE SAAB 99 GLE GETS FASTBACK STYLING

Posted on 01. Jan, 1978 by .

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gle 600 TOP OF THE LINE SAAB 99 GLE GETS FASTBACK STYLING

saab scania letterhead 1970s 600 TOP OF THE LINE SAAB 99 GLE GETS FASTBACK STYLING

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TOP OF THE LINE SAAB 99 GLE GETS FASTBACK STYLING

ORANGE, CONNECTICUT — The top-of-the line Saab for 1978, the Saab 99 GLE, of furs full versatility — luxury sedan seating and styling, and load carrying ability far larger than in most sedans.

Front-wheel-drive and hatchback styling has been cited as the trend for future automotive designs. The 1978 Saab GLE offers it right now — front-wheel-drive for handling and performance, and hatchback styling which allows lots of space for large loads.

Special features in the GLE model include aluminum alloy wheels, luxury upholstery, head rest cushions for both front and rear seats, and electrically controlled outside rear view mirrors. An optional sliding steel sunroof is available.

When not used for passengers, the rear seat can be folded down to open up a flat six feet long cargo floor, easily reached through the big rear opening. The saab line for 1978 includes the top-of-the line GLE version; the sporty EMS — for 1978: in a three-door model with full convertibility — and the GL models in both two-: throe- and five-door configurations.

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SAAB Turbo — More Output Without the Penalties of a Larger Engine

Posted on 01. Jan, 1978 by .

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saab scania letterhead 1970s 600 SAAB Turbo    More Output Without the Penalties of a Larger Engine

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE                                                                  CONTACT: LEN LONNEGREN

SAAB Turbo — More Output Without the Penalties of a Larger Engine

ORANGE, CONNECTICUT — The traditional method of increasing a car’s engine output has been to increase the swept volume of the engine, generally by adding extra cylinders — from four to six, or from six to eight.

This method results in much higher engine output, but at the price of considerably increased fuel consumption. And then there is the extra penalty of the larger engine’s heavier weight and need for greater space, both of which lead to a heavier weight and need for greater space, both of which lead to a heavier and often larger car which, again, uses more fuel.

The Saab Turbo, which will be available through most Saab dealers throughout the United States by early February, represents another way to obtain increased performance. And it does it without disadvantages of a larger engine and with only a very slight penalty in higher fuel consumption.

When equipped with a turbo charger, Saab’s two-liter, four cylinder overhead camshaft engine develops 135 bhp (SAE net) at 5,000 rpm and a maximum torque of 160 ft. lbs. at 3,500 rpm. These figures represent increases of 23 percent in horsepower and 34 percent in maximum torque, over the output of the same engine with normal aspiration, and are figures normally only found among six-cylinder units with displacements of around 3 liters, and with considerably higher fuel consumption.

More cylinders – higher friction losses

In the larger engines, the two extra cylinders involve higher frictional losses in the engine and since friction means a higher load, fuel consumption rises accordingly.

Here is an example to illustrate this:

When driving at part load of about 55 mph on a level road, Saab’s two-liter engine consumes 27 mg of fuel per engine revolution. Of this quantity, 17 mg is used merely to turn the engine and overcome frictional and thermal losses. The remaining 38 percent of the fuel is available to propel the vehicle. A six-cylinder unit, with performance comparable to the Saab Turbo, uses under the same conditions all of 72 percent of the fuel (25 mg of a total of 35 mg) to turn the engine. Thus only 28 percent remains for the actual propulsion of the car.

This example is quite typical of normal driving, since a car operates at part load about 8-85 percent of the total driving time and during this time most of the fuel is used just to turn the engine.

Saab’s engineers took this into consideration when designing their turbo charged engine. Under normal driving conditions, the Saab Turbo works without any appreciable boost and thus no additional fuel is unnecessarily consumed. When the engine’s full power potential is required — for accelerating or passing — the turbo charger comes into play, providing the desired boost in pressure of air/fuel mixture and a vast increase in power.

Since the turbo charger is activated for only brief periods — in atual practice 12-15 percent of the driving time — there is only a slight increase in fuel consumption. Actually the driver has to pay for the additional power only when he needs it.

More cylinders – higher friction losses

The Saab Turbo engine has been developed in cooperation between the Saab Car and Scania Divisions of Saab-Scania AB of Sweden. The Scania Division is one of Europe’s foremost makers of heavy-duty trucks and one of the pioneers in turbo charging truck engines.

Turbo charging smaller vehicles is actually nothing new, although until recently it has been reserved pretty much for high performance race cars. The ideas is to increase the pressure of the fuel /air mixture tha is being fed into the engine, by using the energy of the exhaust gases from the engine.

The turbo charger consists of a turbine and a compressor mounted on a common shaft. The turbine is driven by the exhaust gases from the engine. The larger the throttle openign the higher engine speed, the larger the flow of exhaust gases and thus the higher speed of the turbine.

At exactly the same rate, the compressor delivers a fresh air supply into the cylinders at a higher pressure than normal. The air quantity is therefore higher than when the engine draws the air itself. The extra air and the extra fuel supplied by the injection system generate more energy during each piston stroke and thus more power.

In difference to the previously used high-speed turbos, the Saab turbo charger comes into operation already at engine speeds of aroudn 1,500 to 1,000 rpm. The small size of the Saab turbo charger is one reason for htis early boost. The turbine requires a relatively low gas flow to accelerate to its normal running speed.

In a turbo charged engine, the boost pressure must be carefully controlled. If the boost is too high, the combustion temperature may become too high and this may result in pre-ignition and damage to the engine. The Saab Turbo is equipped with an ingenious boost pressure valve (waste gate) which effectively controls this pressure. When the valve is open, excess exhaust gases are allowed to bypass the turbine. The valve is open, excess exhaust gases are allowed to bypass the turbine. The valve actually functions as the “brain” of the turbo charger and in the Saab it is designed expressly with the goal of offering high torque at rather moderate engine speeds to produce the kind of performance that can really be used by the average drive in his everyday driving.

Lambda Guard Emissions Control

Saab Turbos sold in the United States are also equipped with the revolutionary new Lambda Guard exhaust emissions control system with a three-way catalyst. This system incorporates a special sensor in the exhaust manifold that continuously measures the oxygen content in the exhaust manifold that continuously measures the oxygen content in the exhaust and which, through a control valve constantly adjusts the engine’s air-to-fuel mixture to as near a perfect level as possible. The perfect air/fuel mixture allows the catalyst to effectively reduce all of the harmful gases in the exhaust to less harmful levels. Working in conjunction with the Lambda control and the Turbo unit to provide the best possible performance under all conditions is also the Bosch Continuous fuel injection system, used in all Saabs sold in the United States.

Although the Saab Turbo can boast a top speed over 110 mph and 0-60 mph figures close to 9 seconds, the car is not designed as a high speed sprinter, but rather as a comfortable five seat passenger car with large power reserves for safe and comfortable driving. The engine responds smoothly in all situations, both in stop-and-go city traffic, in busy highway driving with frequent accelerations to pass slower moving vehicles, and on fast freeways. The pulling power, provided by the high torque, will be especially appreciated in mountain driving or when maintaining speed up long inclines.

Most of the time, however, the engine will operate in its normally aspirated mode, drawing in air in the usual way without help from the turbo charger. WHen the extra power is needed, it’s right there: more pressure on the gas pedal brings the full power reserves into action, but only for as long as they are needed.

Saab 99’s have always been regarded as quiet cars and the Saab Turbo is even quieter. The turbo charger helps reduce noise by smoothing out the pulsations in the air intake and exhaust manifold. The high torque also contributes to a lower noise level since gear shifting is less frequent. From 1,500 rpm which corresponds to about 30 mph in fourth gear, the turbo charged engine has higher torque than the standard Saab 99 engine. This means that fourth gear can be used in almost all highway driving. As a further measure to reduce engine noise and keep fuel comsumption low, the overall gear ratios have been increased by nearly eight percent over the non-turbo charged cars in the 1978 Saab line.

The fuel economy for the Saab Turbo, as tested by the Federal Environmental Protection Agency, is 20 mpg for city driving and 27 mpg for highway driving.

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SAAB TURBO SOON AVAILABLE THROUGH U.S. SAAB DEALERS

Posted on 01. Jan, 1978 by .

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saab scania letterhead 1970s 600 SAAB TURBO SOON AVAILABLE THROUGH U.S. SAAB DEALERS

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE                                                                  CONTACT: LEN LONNEGREN

SAAB TURBO SOON AVAILABLE THROUGH U.S. SAAB DEALERS

New Design for Performance and Economy has been widely tested

ORANGE, CONNECTICUT — The new Saab Turbo, tested in over two million miles of driving under the most varying conditions, and already widely hailed by automotive experts the world over, will be available through United States Saab dealers in early February.

A number of test prototypes of the revolutionary Saab Turbo have been on the road for over a year in Sweden, Germany, Switzerland and the United States, and have been driven at very high altitudes and at very high and low temperatures. All tests have been designated to make sure that the Saab Turbo can function properly under these varying condtions.

Although turbo-charging has been used on motor vehicles for many years, for example on many high performance race cars, the Saab Turbo represents a new approach in this area.

The aim of the Saab Turbo project has been to obtain the best possible performance for everyday driving, while still retaining both good fuel economy and clean exhaust emissions. In effect, what the Saab Turbo designers have aimed for has been the performance of a considerably larger engine, without the larger powerplant’s penalties in fuel economy. The turbo charger is there to provide extra power when needed during normal driving, such as when passing or when climbing long inclines.

The exhaust driven turbo-charger, in combination with the regular Saab 99 two-liter overhead camshaft engine, is designed to provide boost even at low engine speeds. Maximum torque of 160 ft. lbs. is attained at 3,500 rpm and is some 34 percent greater than for the non-turbo charged fuel injected version of the same engine. The peak output is 135 bhp (SAE net) at 5,000 rpm, an increas of about 23 percent over the similarly equipped aspirated engine.

The clean exhaust emissions of the Saab Turbo are attained through the basic design of the engine with its fuel injection system and through the revolutionary Lambda Guard emissions control system with a three-way catalyst. This systme is now used on all Saabs sold in Western and Rocky Mountain states and gives considerably cleaner exhaust emissions than those currently required by either Federal or California regulations.

APPEARANCE DIFFERENCES

For 1978 the Saab Turbo is available in only one body style: A three-door version with a large lift-up rear hatch. Special handling equipment includes gas-filled Bilstein shock absorbers, a quick steering with 3.4 turns lock-to-lock; new design, wide 5 1/2 inch aluminum alloy wheels and Pirelli CN36 low profile ties.

The Saab Turbo can easily can be distinguished from other members of the 1978 Saab line thanks to its distinctive rear deck spoiler and front air dam incorporating air inlets for the engine oil cooler. Both the spoiler and the air dam are designed to help the car’s high speed performance and handling.

Other standard Turbo equipment features include electronically controlled outside rear view mirrors, sliding steel sunroof, a dashboard mounted turbo boost guage, and semi-metallic front brake pads for heavy duty performance and longer life.

Although the Saab Turbo gives the kind of sports car performance and handlign that many car buyers do look for, it is still a five-passenger sedan. It offers the same kind of passenger space and comfort that is still available in the standard Saab three-door models, including a fold-down rear seat that provides station wagon-like cargo space in a more aerodynamic shape. Total cargo space, with the back seat folded down is no less than 53 cu. ft., with a maximum load length of just about six feet.

EXHAUSTIVE TESTING

The Saba TUrbo project was announced to the public in August of 1976 primarily so that actual on-the-road testing could be accomplished. A pre-production series of some 100 units was built and these cars have now been driven by a multitude of drivers, from private car owners to professional test and rally drivers, over two million miles. And in the most varying conditions — a high altitudes in the Alps and the Rocky Mountains and at very low altitudes in Death Valley; at very migh temperatures in California and Arizona and at very cold temperatures in Northern Scandinavia and Canada; and at speeds ranging from the city driving of New York City to the free speed of the German Autobahn.

At the same time all of the Saab Turbo components have been tested on dynamometers and through the standard Saab durability tests. Bench tests have shown no difference in engine wear between the turbo charged and the normally aspirated versions of the Saab two-liter engine.

Shipments of the Saab Turbos to some 310 Saab dealers throughout the United States will begin in late January. The price of the car, including such standard equipment features as metallic paint, sliding steel sunroof, electrically heated driver’s seat and electronically controlled outside rear view mirrors, has been set at $9,998.

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SAAB TURBO OFFERS NEW DESIGN FEATURES

Posted on 01. Jan, 1978 by .

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99 turbo 600 SAAB TURBO OFFERS NEW DESIGN FEATURES

saab scania letterhead 1970s 600 SAAB TURBO OFFERS NEW DESIGN FEATURES

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE                                                                  CONTACT: LEN LONNEGREN

SAAB TURBO OFFERS NEW DESIGN FEATURES

ORANGE, CONNECTICUT — The new Saab Turbo, available by early February through some 310 Saab dealers throughout the United States, will easily be distinguishable from other 1978 Saab models thanks to its advanced design aluminum alloy wheels and the front air dam and rear deck spoiler.

The Saab Turbo for 1978 is available in the now well-known and widely copied Saab three-door version. With its wide rear lift-up rear hatch and fold-down rear seat, the Saab Turbo has plenty of room for five people in the car or for large and bulky loads. The Saab Turbo develops 135 horsepower (SAE net) and maximum torque of 160 ft. lbs.

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SAAB TURBO OFFERS NEW DESIGN FEATURES

Posted on 01. Jan, 1978 by .

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99 turbo 600 SAAB TURBO OFFERS NEW DESIGN FEATURES

saab scania letterhead 1970s 600 SAAB TURBO OFFERS NEW DESIGN FEATURES

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE                                                                  CONTACT: LEN LONNEGREN

SAAB TURBO OFFERS NEW DESIGN FEATURES

ORANGE, CONNECTICUT — The new Saab Turbo, available by early February through some 310 Saab dealers throughout the United States, will easily be distinguishable from other 1978 Saab models thanks to its advanced design aluminum alloy wheels and the front air dam and rear deck spoiler.

The Saab Turbo for 1978 is available in the now well-known and widely copied Saab three-door version. With its wide rear lift-up rear hatch and fold-down rear seat, the Saab Turbo has plenty of room for five people in the car or for large and bulky loads. The Saab Turbo develops 135 horsepower (SAE net) and maximum torque of 160 ft. lbs.

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NEW SAAB TURBO HAS BEEN WIDELY TESTED

Posted on 01. Jan, 1978 by .

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new turbo 600 NEW SAAB TURBO HAS BEEN WIDELY TESTED

saab scania letterhead 1970s 600 NEW SAAB TURBO HAS BEEN WIDELY TESTED

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE                                                                  CONTACT: LEN LONNEGREN

NEW SAAB TURBO HAS BEEN WIDELY TESTED

ORANGE, CONNECTICUT — The new Saab Turbo, which will be available through Saab dealers throughout the U.S. by early February, has been tested through some 2 million miles of driving, in most varying conditions and by drivers ranging from everyday commuters to professional race drivers. The new Saab utilizes a turbo charger, combined with the regular Saab two-liter overhead camshaft engine, to provide six-cylinder performance in a four-cylinder car with four-cylinder fuel economy. In addition, the Saab Turbo is equipped with the revolutionary Lambda Guard emissions control system with a three-way catalyst, for clean exhaust emissions without penalties in either performance or fuel economy.

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