Archive for '1937-1939'
Posted on 28. Jun, 2008 by Ryan.
As a follow-up to the previous writeup on the past and present Saab designers and their achievements, it was necessary to include a chronological up-to-date listing of Saab projects both production and concepts.
This listing includes each Saab project, year introduced along with each designer and/or engineer that contributed to the given project.
This list is a work-in-progress, so any additions and/or modifications that you see necessary below, please add your comments to ensure correctness and accuracy.
Photo Credits: Saab Automobile
Design Contributions by Model
SAAB Scandia 90 (1946-1958)
SAAB 91 (1947-1966)
SAAB 92001 (Prototype) (1946/1947)
Posted on 13. Apr, 2007 by Ryan.
Photo Credit: SAAB AB
This just in from a colleague about SAAB ABs 70th Anniversary.
SAAB: Summary of CEO Ã…ke Svenssonâ€™s Address To Saabâ€™s Annual General Meeting, April 12, 2007
Saabâ€™s President and CEO, Ã…ke Svensson, Provided a Brief Historical Summary Of Saabâ€™s First 70 Years in His Address to The Annual General Meeting on April 12.
â€œSaab has developed in close cooperation with the Swedish defence through Swedenâ€™s decision to remain neutral,â€ he said.
Ã…ke Svensson also mentioned that the defence industry has been decisive to Swedenâ€™s growth and development: â€œAnalyses show that the investments have repaid society by a wide margin. When engineers from Swedenâ€™s most research-intensive company have continued on in their careers, they have shared their expertise and thereby helped to develop other areas of Swedish business. In this way, Saab has served â€“ and still serves â€“ as an incubator and technology generator for Sweden. This is a role we would gladly continue to play.â€
He expressed his concern over the fact that fewer young people in Sweden are choosing to study natural sciences and engineering: â€œSwedish companies have a great need for engineering professionals. Yet we face a future where we risk an acute shortage. Saab has made efforts for years to counteract this, and we feel it is important to continue to do so.â€
World-leading technology, the ability to adapt to continuous change and financial strength have distinguished the company through the years, Ã…ke Svensson stated, noting that they are also Saabâ€™s most important success factors in the future.
2006 was a fantastic year for Saab. Sales increased to SEK 21 billion and operating income rose to slightly over SEK 1.7 billion, generating a margin before structural costs of over 10 percent.
â€œThis means that we are meeting our long-term profit targets, and our underlying earning capacity is good,â€ Ã…ke Svensson said. 2006 was also a successful year from an acquisitions standpoint. â€œWe acquired Ericsson Microwave Systems, which I would consider another historical milestone for Saab. The acquisition added 1,200 new colleagues, SEK 2.5 billion in sales and world-leading technological content and offerings in sensors, an excellent complement to our portfolio.â€
The acquisition from Ericsson included the remaining 40-percent interest in Saabâ€™s space operations. Two other important structural moves in 2006 were the acquisition of Denmarkâ€™s Maersk Data Defence and the establishment of a new aerostructures business in South Africa.
â€œTaken together, these moves give us a stronger position in our key home markets, the Nordic region and South Africa,â€ he continued. â€œ2006 was also a fantastic year from the perspective of new orders.â€
He noted that an increasingly important aspect of Saabâ€™s business is support solutions, which are conducted in close with our customersâ€™ operations. Saab remains in place in Afghanistan, for example, to support Swedenâ€™s peacekeeping forces.
â€œThis is no one-time occurrence. Saab is prepared to support and stand alongside the Swedish defence in its international missions in the future.â€
2006 was also a good year for Saabâ€™s best-known product, the Gripen fighter. Perhaps the biggest event regarding Gripen was the Swedish Air Forceâ€™s participation in Red Flag, an international exercise in Alaska.
â€œCompetitors and observers were deeply impressed by Gripenâ€™s performance. Our opinion â€“ that Gripen is worldâ€™s most modern fighter in operational service â€“ was reaffirmed,â€ Ã…ke Svensson said.
He devoted a portion of his address to the bribery accusations against Saab and the ongoing investigation of the lease of Gripen aircraft to the Czech Republic: â€œIt is our firm conviction that our business uses only legal methods. Bribes have never been allowed at Saab. We are fully cooperating with the public prosecutor and providing all the information needed in the investigation. This makes it unsuitable for us to further comment before the prosecutorâ€™s work is done.â€
Defence orders are complicated, and Ã…ke Svensson explained in detail what is required, for example, to seal a deal involving Gripen and why advisers are essential to such orders:
â€œThe first piece of the puzzle, and what gets us considered in the first place, is having a product whose price and performance meet the customerâ€™s requirements. â€œOur second puzzle piece is financing. Saab can offer competitive export credits through the Export Credits Guarantee Board in Sweden, for example, which also helps us to manage various types of business risks. Naturally, this also requires that Saab is a well-managed and trustworthy company.
â€œIn major defence orders, the customer always requires so-called industrial cooperations. This means that we, as the seller, also have to help to create long-term economic growth and development in the buyerâ€™s country. This can be done through the direct participation of the countryâ€™s industry in the production and development of the Gripen system, or by having Saab help to establish companies and transfer technology.
â€œOur fourth puzzle piece is political considerations. An order for fighters, for example, entails so much more. It is also a question of a long-term relationship between nations. Aircraft orders are an international affair based on extensive security and cooperation agreements â€“ and therefore require close cooperation between governments and industry.
â€œThe larger and more complex the systems we sell, the greater the importance of industrial cooperations and politics. The needs and terms set by each buyer-country differ, which is why we, and our competitors, need advisors and representatives to understand the situation at hand and act appropriately.â€
Saabâ€™s and BAE Systemsâ€™ rules on hiring and paying advisors are crystal clear and are published on Saabâ€™s website.
â€œWe do careful research and obtain references. And we are always spell out our ethical requirements,â€ Ã…ke Svensson explained. â€œFor me, not only as the president of Saab but also from a personal standpoint, business ethics are a matter of principle. And I know that this opinion is shared by all my colleagues. It is very clear to me that we are, and will remain, a company that does business based on our values and good business ethics.â€
In his address, Ã…ke Svensson also described the most important aspects of Saabâ€™s three strategic business segments, noting that the company will be concentrating in 2007 on a number of programs to make it even more efficient. â€œThe aim is naturally to increase profitability, with the goal of leaving us more money to invest in research and development as well as marketing. Only in this way can Saab remain a world leader.â€
In conclusion, Ã…ke Svensson offered two concrete examples of how Saab can contribute to a safer society. The breakthrough order to supply Securitas with a security platform for Stockholmâ€™s Arlanda and Bromma airports and deliveries of the Giraffe radar system to France demonstrate two things. â€œThe first is that Saab, with its expertise, can develop new system solutions for civil security, though also that we can utilize our existing products and systems to make society safer against todayâ€™s most prevalent threats. The second fact that these examples show is that such deals require world-leading technology, the ability to continuously change, and financial strength,â€ he said. â€œSaab has all this and more. We stand strong â€“ and proud â€“ as we look to the future.â€
Posted on 16. Feb, 2007 by Ryan.
Saab Automobile has had a great lineup of capable detail-oriented designers from the very beginning. Had it not been for their creative abilities and substantial influence on design language, Saab Automobile would not be where it is today, setting itself apart from the masses and creating unique, progressive and fun automobiles for people to enjoy.
It is long overdue that we thank these designers for all of the work that has gone into the production vehicles that we have enjoyed for years in addition to all of the conceptual charettes they have done for designs and concepts that did not make production.
I begin with a smorgÃ¥sbord below depicting some of the most notable designers from the early years until today. Additionally, I have provided a comprehensive list (work in progress) that should help clarify each and every Designer, along with their contributions to the Saab designs that became a reality, ultimately going into production.
In 1939, a self-taught illustrator by the name of Sixten Sason, notable for being responsible for designs with Hasselblad, Electrolux and Husqvarna from everything from cameras, refridgerators, waffle-irons, power-saws to even an early plan for a bridge across the Ã–resund to link Sweden to Denmark, now known as the Ã–resund Bridge completed in 2000. He began work with Saab Airplane company (SAAB) later that year to draw planes and other material during the Second World War. When the War was coming to an end, the company began shifting their strategies with the addition of automobile manufacturing. During this time of transition for the company, Sixten Sason was asked to contribute to the “Project 92″, that was introduced in 1947 as the first prototype for SAAB, the automobile manufacturer. This Prototype was known officially as the 92001 and later production model “92″ ,were inspired by the SAAB J21 plane.
In 1969, BjÃ¶rn Envall started with Saab, while working alongside Sixten Sason on his final project, the SAAB 99. BjÃ¶rn Envall’s most notable achievement under his role as chief designer with Saab, was the transition of the classic Saab 900 (1979-1993/94) to the new generation 900, commonly known as the NG900 that was introduced in 1994 until 1998. BjÃ¶rn Envall was responsible for the 99, 90, 900, 9000, EV-1 concept car, and a secret “EV-2″ internally released concept vehicle which was to eventually set the stage for his final project, the new generation 900.
Norwegian born, Einar Johan Hareide, began with Saab in 1985 and worked until 1989 before he decided take a job with Mercedes Benz briefly, then returned to Saab in 1991 as a designer until 1994. In 1994, he was appointed design director otherwise known as chief designer until 1999. It is important to note that Hareide worked alongside BjÃ¶rn Envall on the new generation 900 designs (Envall-Hareide era). Einar Hareide was also responsible for the early introduction of the 9-5 until the first modification was made in 2002, the 9-3 which was the successor to the new generation 900, as well as the 9-3 Sport Sedan designs from 2003 until 2006, and exterior design until 2007.
Michael Mauer, a trained industrial designer worked with Mercedes Benz straight out of school for a number of years in his home country of Germany. In 1997 he assumed the role the chief designer of Advanced Design of Mercedes in Japan which is where he met Anthony Lo. In 2000, he was asked by the President of Saab Automobile at that time, Peter Augusston to be chief designer for Saab. When Michael Mauer started, the 9-3 Sport Sedan was completed, however Mauer did contribute to the 9-3 Sport Sedan wheel design as his first responsibility. His first notable accomplishment was the introduction of the 9-X concept car in 2001, followed by the 9-3X concept car in 2002, with the 9-3 Sport Hatch concept in 2003.
Anthony Lo, a former colleague of Michael Mauer at Mercedes, joined Saab Automobile in October of 2000. Lo worked with Mauer Saab Automobile directly from 2000 until 2004, when Mauer took an opportunity with Porsche and Lo was named director of advanced design for General Motors Europe in August of 2004. Anthony Lo’s achievements included the 9-X, 9-2X, 9-3X, 9-3 Sport Hatch as well as his most recent design, the Aero-X with Alex Daniel, first shown to the public at the Geneva Motor Show in March of 2006.
I conclude this writeup with a comprehensive list (work in progress) of all the designers that have been responsible carefully and intelligently integrating and developing Saab’s design language into each and every Saab model from past, present and the future.
Additions, modifications are appreciated.
Photo Credits: Saab Automobile
Design Contributions by Designer
Sixten Sason 1912â€“1967
SAAB DESIGNS 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 99 (1939-1967)
SAAB DESIGN 92
SAAB DESIGN 94, 95, 96
BjÃ¶rn Envall 1942-
SAAB-SCANIA DESIGNS 99, 90, 900, 9000, EV-1, NG900 (1969-1992)
SAAB-SCANIA DESIGNS MFI-13, 97 II/V4 (1966-1969)
SAAB-SCANIA DESIGNS 97 III (1970-1974)
Gunnar A. SjÃ¶gren
SAAB-SCANIA DESIGNS 97 III (1970-1974)
SAAB-SCANIA 9000 (1978-1981)
SAAB-SCANIA NG900, 9-5, 9-3, 9-3 SS (1985 – 1989) + (1991-1999)
Saab Automobile 9-5 (1993- )
Saab Automobile 9-X, 9-2X, 9-3X, 9-3 SportHatch (3.21.2000-2004)
Anthony Lo 1964-
Saab Automobile 9-X, 9-2X, 9-3X, 9-3, SportHatch, Aero-X (10.2000-PRESENT)
Saab Automobile Aero-X
Saab Automobile Aero-X
Saab Automobile, 9-X, 9-2X
Saab Automobile 9-X, 9-3X, 9-3 SportHatch, Aero-X
Posted on 01. Feb, 2007 by Ryan.
I am also providing you another video from the archive, covering even more details on the history of Saab known as the “Saab-Scania Story – 50 Years of Saab” done in 1987.
The Saab-Scania partnership began in 1969 and ended in 1994.
This video is approximately 38 minutes long, enjoy.
Posted on 01. Feb, 2007 by Ryan.
The Saab Story, covering how Saab began in the aircraft industry until the Saab 92, right up until the Saab 900 was introduced in 1979 is nice video from the archive that I think will further clarify this history to those interested in learning more about the brand’s history. Information on the Saab 92, Saab 96, Saab 99 and the Saab 900
The video is approximately 16 minutes long, enjoy!
Posted on 01. Feb, 2007 by Ryan.
Many have sent in e-mails recently stating that Saab Automobile is no longer affiliated with the Aircraft industry, while this is presently true, it is important to provide information as to when Saab started aircraft as well as automobile operations in Sweden.
Here are some important dates in time for Sweden’s aircraft and automotive industry.
In 1914, the Swedish Aircraft industry began as SÃ¶dertalje WerkstÃ¤ders Aviatikavdelning
In 1921, Swedish Aero was formed in LidingÃ¶, Sweden.
In 1932, Swedish Aero was bought out by what is known as Aktie Bolaget Svenska JÃ¤rnvÃ¤gsverkstÃ¤dernas Aeroplanavdelning (ASJA) and formed in LinkÃ¶ping, Sweden.
In 1937, Svenska Aeroplan Aktie Bolaget (Swedish Aircraft Company) known as SAAB was formed in TrollhÃ¤ttan, Sweden and LinkÃ¶ping, Sweden, dissolving ASJA. (Aircraft operations formed)
In 1947, SAAB began making automobiles after World War II in LinkÃ¶ping, Sweden, then TrollhÃ¤ttan, Sweden (Automobile operations formed)
The First SAAB Aircraft that went into production was known as the B17 and was made in TrollhÃ¤ttan and LinkÃ¶ping, Sweden
Photo Credit: SAAB AB, LinkÃ¶ping, Sweden (1969)
The First SAAB Automobile that went into product was known as the 92A and was also made LinkÃ¶ping and in TrollhÃ¤ttan, Sweden.
Photo Credit: Saab Automobile AB, TrollhÃ¤ttan, Sweden (1969)
Posted on 30. Nov, 2006 by Ryan.
The original of SAAB using the numerical nomenclature 9, is that this number was an indication that the project was a non-military, but a civilian project.
The SAAB Scandia 90 (pictured above) was the first civilian project, followed by the SAAB Safir 91, then finally the automobile being SAAB 92001 in 1946, and the beginning of production models with the SAAB 92. Here is a list of all of the the projects from the beginning until the present.
For more information about these models, please visit our “Saab designs by model number” reference list.
91 Safir (Aircraft)
94 Sonett I
97 Sonett II & III
Posted on 11. Nov, 2006 by Ryan.
I have decided to finally provide some much needed clarification on evolution of the Saab, Saab-SCANIA, SCANIA & Saab logos since the very beginning to the present day.
Below I have provided each logo, dates along with some brief history on the automobile, aircraft and trunk business for our reference.
There is much more that can be included in this history, and that will require a lot more time than I have, but I hope to keep visiting this page with updates.
In 1937, the SAAB name was registered as SAAB (Svenska Aeroplan Aktiebolaget)started in LinkÃ¶ping, Sweden and here is their first logo.
In 1965, SAAB registered the name as SAAB Aktiebolaget to indicate it’s diversification of programs. SAAB also created a new logo in which they used until 1969.
In 1969, SAAB AB mergered with Scania-Vabis to become SAAB-SCANIA, with headquarters remaining in LinkÃ¶ping, Sweden
In 1984, SAAB-SCANIA had a new logo made. This logo was used throughout their aircraft including the SAAB-SCANIA 340 and 2000.
In 1990, The Wallenberg’s Investor AB sold half of the stake of Saab Automobile to General Motors (GM).
In 1995, Investor AB made a deal to sell the other half of Saab Automobile in 2000. That same year in 1995, SAAB Aircraft became independant and now called itself SAAB Aerospace who created a new logo until 2000, as did SCANIA Trucks & Busses become independant who also created a new logo.
From 1995 until 2000, the Saab Aerospace logo continued to be used.
In 2000, SAAB Aerospace’s programs became more diversified, so it was appropriate to create a new name and new logo. “SAAB TECHNOLOGIES” This logo continues to be used today.
In 1891, Vabis name was founded in SÃ¶dertÃ¤lje, Sweden. Vabis first logo below.
Scania was founded in MalmÃ¶, Sweden. Here is their first logo.
In 1911, Vabis was merged with Scania Trucks in Southern, Sweden to form Aktiebolaget Scania-Vabis. Scania-Vabis first logo which ran until 1969.
In 1969, Scania-Vabis became SAAB-SCANIA. From 1969 until 1983, SAAB-SCANIA had the following logo.
From 1984 until 1995, SAAB-SCANIA used this logo on their trucks.
In 1995, SAAB-SCANIA split, and became the independant SCANIA AB Trucks & Busses who also created a new logo.
1947, SAAB (Svenska Aeroplan Aktiebolaget) started in LinkÃ¶ping, Sweden and here is their first logo at that time for the URsaab model 92001 prototype.
From 1949 until 1962, SAAB used this logo.
From 1963 until 1969, SAAB used this logo.
From 1969 until 1974, SAAB-SCANIA used this logo.
From 1974 until 1983, SAAB-SCANIA used this logo.
From 1984 until 1995, SAAB-SCANIA used this logo.
In 1990, the Swedish Wallenberg family’s company Investor AB sold half of its stake of SAAB-SCANIA to GM, effectively changing SAAB-SCANIA to Saab Automobile AB for the cars division.
In 1995, Investor AB made a deal to sell the other half of Saab Automobile in 2000. From 1995 until 2000, the SAAB-SCANIA logo continued to be used on the Saab Automobile.
In the later half of 2000, a new Saab Automobile logo was introduced that utilized the same griffin symbol a part of the flag representing the southernmost tip (Scania) of the SkÃ¥ne region of Sweden, removed the SCANIA name, and kept the same background color and changed the silver trim.
In September of 2002, the new logo was enhanced and this logo continues to be used today.
At the 2008 North American International Auto Show, it was indicated to me by Saab designers,both Bryan Nesbitt as well as Andrew Dyson (at 11:15 in the video) that the new Saabs of the future will be going back to the “SAAB” lettering, beginning with the new Saab 9-4x production model, although this removal of the emblem was not the case on the 9-4x BioPower concept.
I should also note that, even though Andrew Dyson indicated that the letters were only going to be used on the steering wheel and then the trunk of the Saab 9-4x, the production model has excluded this on the hood, leaving the griffen emblem only on the wheels.
If you carefully look at the new Saab 9-4x production model photograph, you can see that the emblem has now been removed from the hood further confirming the direction for the future use of the SAAB lettering.
According to Bryan Nesbitt and what we see on the Saab 9-4x, this logo will now be used from here on out for all 2010 Saab models.
If there are any additions, omissions or corrections needed, please post your comments below.
A special thanks to the Saab Museum online for the information http://www.saabmuseum.com/marque/index.html
94 (Sonett I) (14)
Formula Junior (3)
Quantum IV (10)
97 (Sonett II & III) (47)
600 Lancia (4)
900 NG (33)
9-3 SS (182)
9-5 NG (131)
9-3 NG (8)
92001 (Ursaab) (5)
Quantum I (2)
Quantum II (3)
Quantum III (5)
Quantum V (3)
900 Cabriolet Prototype (1)
900 SPG Prototype (1)
900 Concept Coupe (2)
Bertone Novanta (1)
9-3 Sport-Hatch (5)
9-3 BioPower Hybrid (10)
9-7X Aero (1)
9-5 BioPower 100 (9)
9-4X BioPower (58)
9-X BioHybrid (50)
9-X Air (12)
210 Draken (1)
J 29 (Tunnan) (2)
J 32 (Lansen) (3)
J 35 (Draken) (8)
JA 37 (Viggen) (17)
JAS 39 (Gripen) (9)
Wind Turbines (2)
Saab Clubs (32)